In accordance with the general strategy of the Concern its international activity is mainly aimed at safety and reliability of operation of NPPs built abroad under Russian designs as well as at extension of service life of equipment. In collaboration with leading international organizations and companies we work on a bilateral basis seeking to share our experiences. We also hold conferences, subject-oriented workshops, and mutual on-the-job trainings.
Rosenergoatom Concern OJSC is one of the main participants of the integrated offer of Rosatom State Corporation in the international markets of NPP construction. One of the strategic initiatives of the Electric Energy Division is development of the line “NPP Service” which goals consist in increase in volume of services during life cycle of NPPs and increase in presence in the foreign market of nuclear industry services.
The line “NPP Service” is coordinated by the Concern and organizations of the Division which have necessary competences and reference experience in implementation of projects abroad at all stages of NPP life cycle.
The main increase in revenues is caused by successful implementation of the following projects:
- Kozloduy NPP – comprehensive examination and evaluation of the remaining life of equipment and structures of power units Nos. 5 and 6;
- Bushehr NPP – provision of technical support during operation and preventive repairs;
- Tyanvan NPP – provision of services on modernization, maintenance, and repairs.
We continued working on the contract on radiation treatment of cobalt. The revenue from sales of Co-60 to a foreign customer in 2014 totaled 228.5 mln rubles.
In the reporting year the Concern was actively involved in increasing foreign order portfolio on new products for ten years which totaled 34,111.56 mln rubles thus exceeding the target indicator by 3,5 times.
OBJECTIVES FOR 2015 AND MEDIUM TERM
In the mid-term the Concern will continue working on developing new markets and increasing its portfolio as a part of fulfillment of the program of Rosatom State Corporation on construction and putting into operation of NPP abroad in 2014-2019 while implementing projects in Turkey, Jordan, Belarus, Bangladesh, Vietnam, Iran and China, as well as on business development of electricity sales in the foreign markets.
In 2015-2019 we plan to increase our share in the market of operating NPPs from 2 to 17% by developing the following areas:
- Supply of equipment and spare parts;
- Modernization of systems and equipment;
- Technical support of NPP operation and service;
- Service life extension of Kozloduy NPP and Armenia NPP.
OBJECTIVES FOR 2015 IN AREA OF REACTOR ISOTOPES PRODUCTION:
- Preparation of an integrated offer on organization of production of Mo-99 using production capacities of Kursk, Leningrad, and Smolensk NPPs. The availability of such potential for Mo-99 production will permit us to enter into the global market and become the key player in production of Molybden-99;
- Provision of services on radiation treatment of cobalt (production of Co-60) under new contract conditions.
Taking into account the available experience on chemical cleanup of equipment of NPPs with VVER reactors the Concern plans to prepare an integrated offer for chemical cleanup of steam generators at foreign NPPs. In the long-term the Concern will extend its presence in the area of services to external customers using new products, such as decommissioning and engineering services in traditional power industry.
Provision of Technical Supervisor’s services
Putting into operation
Service (modernization, SLE, maintenance and repairs, and supply of spare parts, tools and accessories)
ASUTP simulators and elements
DEVELOPMENT OF ELECTRICITY SALES IN FOREIGN MARKETS
Following resolution of Rosatom State Corporation, the Concern jointly with AtomEnergoSbyt JSC were determined as the sole responsible entities within Rosatom State Corporation for development of electricity sales abroad to end consumers. As a part of development of the international business a relevant competency is being created in AtomEnergoSbyt JSC, and this area of business will be among priority areas in 2015. Strategic goal of this area consists in entering into priority sales markets of the countries in the Central and Eastern Europe and Turkey pursuing the following goals: building up an integrated portfolio for hedging pricing risks of NPPs abroad under management of Rosatom, seeking a possibility to obtain additional margin in more profitable markets, and opening new markets for the corporation in general. Mid-term objectives: Development of export-oriented Baltic NPP, conclusion of long-term contracts on power supply with foreign consumers, entering into transactions, partnerships, mergers, and acquisitions with foreign energy companies.
SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL COOPERATION
INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY (IAEA)
In 2014, as supported by Rosatom State Corporation, the Concern continued its active involvement in international activities under the aegis of the IAEA.
OSART MISSION PROGRAM (OPERATIONAL SAFETY REVIEW TEAM)
THE OSART MISSION IS AN INDEPENDENT EXAMINATION OF NPP OPERATION SAFETY CONDUCTED BY THE IAEA UPON REQUEST OF INDIVIDUAL STATES. UPON COMPLETION OF THE EXAMINATION THE RECEIVING PARTY OBTAINS THE EVALUATION OF OPERATING SAFETY OF THE STATION IN TERMS OF IAEA SAFETY STANDARDS AND WRITTEN RECOMMENDATIONS AND SUGGESTIONS AS TO THE AREAS OF IMPROVEMENT WITH A VIEW TO ACHIEVE THE CONFORMANCE WITH THESE SAFETY STANDARDS.
In 2014 the Concern participated in preparation and presentation of the National Report of the Russian Federation at the 6th Meeting on Reviewing the Convention on Nuclear Safety.
As a part of the long-term program of OSART missions the OSART mission was conducted at Kola NPP (November 10-27, 2014). The results were one of the best OSART ever seen. An extra-budgetary project of IAEA on consulting support of Kola and Novovoronezh NPPs on operation safety was completed.
In 2014 under the aegis of IAEA two international reviews of Russian NPP projects were completed:
- The project VVER-TOI was reviewed to check the consistency with the IAEA standards on safety (results: 99% IAEA requirements were evaluated as satisfied or partially satisfied in the project).
- 2. The materials of the Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) of Baltic NPP (project NPP- 2006) were reviewed to check their consistency with the requirements of IAEA and the Expo Convention in terms of ensuring radiation safety of people and environment (general conclusion: the EIS materials are consistent with these requirements).
In 2014 the Project Offi ce on Nuclear Infrastructure (PONI) was created in the Concern’s structure. Its main area of activity is implementation of the project “Assistance in Creation or Enhancement of National Infrastructures of Nuclear Power Industry in the Countries Building or Planning to Build Nuclear Facilities under Russian Designs”, including training of foreign specialists on all elements of nuclear infrastructure according to IAEA classification, organization of work of joint working groups with partner countries, such as Bangladesh, Belarus, Vietnam, and others, preparation and carrying out international events, participation in IAEA activity in nuclear infrastructure.
Competitive process among candidate contractors for preparation of teaching materials on all elements of nuclear infrastructure for training representatives of partner countries was held. Currently the matter of creation of basic permanent training courses aimed at preparation of representative of newly joined countries in all elements of nuclear infrastructure and practical aspects of self-evaluation of national infrastructure using the IAEA methodology is being reviewed together with IAEA Secretariat. The work start is scheduled for March-April 2015.
The Concern is the largest WANO member organization in the Moscow Center (MC). In 2014 the Concern pursued the following design objectives: pilot operation of the Regional Crisis Center for NPPs with VVER Reactors based on the Crisis Center of Rosenergoatom Concern OJSC, activity of WANO’s representatives at Russian NPPs.
In 2014 the Concern’s top management participated in the Global Board of Governors in the Tokyo Regional Center, two Boards of Governors of WANO MC, the International Conference of Technical Managers of Operators and Chief Engineers of NPPs, and International Conference of Repairs Personnel.
Six peer audits were conducted by WANO at Russian NPPs. The Concern’s headquarters hosted the event on transfer of best practices to the management of Armenia NPP on the subject “Mid- and Long-Term Planning of Operator’s Activity”. The Concern’s headquarters held two technical support missions on the following subjects: “Goals and Methods for Self-Evaluation of NPP Safety Assurance System and Self-Evaluation Efficiency” and “Creation and Development of Commitment to Safety Culture at the Operator’s Level”. We continue working on post-Fukushima projects and initiatives.
ÉLECTRICITÉ DE FRANCE (FRANCE)
In 2014 cooperation of the Concern and the French energy company Électricité de France (EDF) celebrated the 20th anniversary. On September 16, 1994 the Concern and EDF signed the Memorandum on Cooperation in the Area of Enhancement of Safety and Reliability of Russian NPPs”. Today the cooperation is based on the agreement between the Concern and EDF dated April 4, 2011 and provides for cooperation in a number of areas, including the following: operation, engineering, and operation support, designs of new NPPs, fast breeding reactors (since 2014), personnel training, inspections and control, procurement activity, nuclear risks and insurance (since 2013), and general organization and development.
The cooperation program provides for workshops and work meetings, participation of company experts in crisis emergency drills, inspections of NPPs in Russia and France, and scientific and technical conferences and symposiums. The cooperation is focused on the following areas: operation, engineering, and operation support, designs of new NPPs, fast breeding reactors, personnel training, inspections and control, procurement activity, civil responsibility for nuclear damage and insurance, and general organization and development.
It was decided to separate the areas of decommissioning, waste treatment, and research and development from the other areas starting from 2015. Following review of EDF practices the Concern adjusts work plans, amends regulating and governing documents, and compares and adjusts approaches to task solving.
In 2012 the agreement on the Concern’s admission to the International Materials Aging Institute (MAI) operating under EDF. Participation in work of MAI will assist the Concern in its tasks on service life extension of Russian NPPs. In 2014 the Concern and MAI started joint work on the project “Evaluation of Integrity of Reactor’s Vessel” with participation of Kurchatov Institute Research Center. We plan to start working on the following new projects in 2015: “Deformation of Elements of Reactor In-Vessels Components” with participation of Gidropress Development Design Bureau JSC and Water and Chemical Mode of the Primary System with participation of VNIIAES JSC.
Cooperation between the Concern and Iberdrola is implemented according to annually approved programs. As a part of Program for 2014, workshops and working meetings on the matters of technology and best practice in repair of FAs with leaking fuel pins at the inspectorate’s stands, on the matters of quality assurance during operation of NPP power units, and on the matters of decommissioning and construction of new power units. Specialists of the Spanish company took part in the international conference on heating machinery equipment, integrated emergency drills at Kola NPP, in the international scientific and technical conference MNTK-2014, and in the Atomexpo-2014 forum. The Concern’s representatives took part in the 40th annual conference of the Spanish Nuclear Society (ENS-2014) with a report “Innovative Development Projects of Nuclear Industry in Russia”.
The Iberdrola’s best practices on the use of modules during construction was recognized one of the promising areas for cooperation in 2015 at the meeting of the Coordination Committee on Cooperation held in the town of Sosnovy Bor: organization of module design using the information model can be applied to designs of VVER-TOI; as well as the best practice in the area of preparation to decommissioning.
International Scientific and Technical Conference “Safety, Efficiency, and Economics of Nuclear Power Industry” (MNTK-2014) (attended by 51 foreign representatives).
The 6th meeting of contracting parties on review of the Convention on Nuclear Safety (participation in preparation and presentation of the National Report of the Russian Federation and in work of a group of countries).
OSART mission at Kola NPP.
Coordination Committee with Électricité de France in commemoration of the 20th anniversary of cooperation.
Workshop with Électricité de France on measures to improve safety in connection with the accident and Fukushima Daiichi.
Participation in the 40th annual conference of the Spanish Nuclear Society (ENS-2014) with a report “Innovative Development Projects of Nuclear Industry in Russia.”
Comprehensive emergency drills at Kola NPPs (attended by 24 foreign observers).
Peer audits of WANO’s Moscow Center at Leningrad and Kalinin NPPs.
Follow-up peer audits of WANO’s Moscow Center at Kola and Beloyarsk NPPs.
Pre-start peer audits of WANO’s Moscow Center at Beloyarsk and Rostov NPPs.
COOPERATION WITH NORDIC COUNTRIES
In 2014 Leningrad and Kola NPPs continued their cooperation with Nordic countries – Norway, Finland, and Sweden. The agreements among REA and SSM (Sweden), STUK (Finland), and IPE/NRPA (Norway) regulate mutually beneficial international cooperation in different areas: emergency preparedness, decommissioning, and RAW handling and disposal.
Export of isotope materials (cobalt-60)
Control over NPP nuclear fuel manufacturing quality
Evaluation of conformance of equipment of Belarus NPP, technical supervision, and start-up operations.
4. czech republic
Control over NPP nuclear fuel manufacturing quality
Technical and consulting work during completion of construction of power units Nos. 3 and 4 of Mochovce NPP
Nuclear fuel manufacturing quality control, supply of spare parts, tools and accessories to Paks NPP.
Contract on supply of equipment and spare parts, toolsand accessories
Nuclear fuel manufacturing quality control, substantiation of service life extension of power unit No. 5 of Kozloduy NPP up to 60 years.
Preparation of section of the "Report on Akkuyu NPP Site Parameters" and support during approval of the reporting documents by the Turkish Agency on Nuclear Power, completion of work on the terms of reference for development of design documentation for Akkuyu NPP (power units Nos. 1, 2, 3, and 4)
Performance of work and provision of supplies and services for extension of service life of power unit No. 2 of Armenia NPP.
Engineering services and technical support of operation, preventive repairs, modernization of CSs of power unit No. 1 of Bushehr and NPP power units under construction.
Engineering and consulting services on support of the operation of the Chinese Experimental Fast Reactor (CEFR), engineering services and technical support of operation of power units of Tyanvan NPP, supply of equipment and spare parts, tools and accessories for power units Nos. 1 and 2 of Tyanvan NPP.